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Ramadan Mubarak

A bowl of fresh fruit
Photo by Naveed Pervaiz on Unsplash

Ramadan is considered to be the holiest month of the year in Islam. This article explains a little bit about Ramadan and what it means for Muslims worldwide.

When is Ramadan?

As Ramadan is based on the Islamic calendar, the exact timing varies each year as it depends on the sighting of the moon over Mecca. In the UK in 2022, Ramadan occurs between Friday 1 April and Sunday 1 May. 

What is Ramadan?

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and is considered to be the holiest month of the year. It is the month when the Qur’an is said to have been revealed to Prophet Muhammad by God and is marked by a month-long fast.

What happens during Ramadan

Ramadan is a month of spiritual rejuvenation, where most Muslims try to avoid negative acts or their personal vices, whilst practising positive acts, self-control and compassion for those less fortunate than themselves. It is also a month to focus on devotion, during which many Muslims will spend extra time reading the Qur’an and performing special daily prayers (the Salat). 

Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam and is a form of worship that brings Muslims closer to God.

Fasting occurs between sunrise and sunset and because these times vary across the UK there are regional variations depending on your location.

Every day of Ramadan, Muslims eat a pre-fast meal called the Sahoor, which is taken before sunrise and culminates with the day’s first prayer, the Fajr. They don't eat again until after sunset when they eat the Iftar meal followed by the Maghribm (the fourth prayer of the day). Because the days will gradually increase in length, the fasting period becomes progressively more challenging as worshippers near the end of the holy month, and the celebration of Eid al-Fitr.

Eid al-Fitr

Ramadan ends with the holiday of Eid al-Fitr (the Festival of the Breaking of the Fast) where traditionally families and friends gather together to share celebratory meals and give gifts to their children.

This year’s Eid al-Fitr starts on Sunday 1 May and ends on Monday 2 May.

More information

For more information on Ramadan see the Muslim Council of Britain website.

Ramadan Mubarak!

(Ramadan Mubarak is a well-known phrase and can be used as a general 'happy Ramadan' greeting. The direct translation is 'blessed Ramadan').

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